Basic methods and techniques for teaching speaking and listening to foreign students
International Journal of Languages' Education and Teaching
Language proficiency is an activity that requires development of automated skills, creative speaking skills and "language sense". We do not speak just to speak; our speech most of the time is produced with the aim of achieving a certain nonverbal result, like any other object-oriented activity. The main goal of every lesson is a natural purposeful messaging between interlocutors; educational speaking activity, pseudocommunication only prepares natural communication. Preparation should be
... on should be carried out in various ways, but it is very important to create an atmosphere of spontaneity, play, search, communication, to make lessons emotional, as too quiet lesson without entertainment, exciting moments is perceived by students as "gray", uninteresting. It is recommended, when possible, to move from conditional, educational pseudocommunication to the real one, creating necessary language conditions for this transition (telling the right words and forms, etc.) Certainly, different forms of activity in the classroom will differ more or less in conditionality, "educationality", but it should not embarrass us, but encourage to be creative, search for techniques stimulating speaking activity. Mastering speaking a foreign language is not only training to speak but also to listen. Although the basis of speaking and listening is often knowledge of the same lexical and grammatical material, psychologists distinguish not only common, but also various mechanisms of their building and functioning. In order to teach students to listen and understand we must actively train them to do these kinds of activities.