Conjugation of Ginsenoside Rg3 with Gold Nanoparticles

You-Mie Park, A-Rang Im, Eun-Ji Joo, Ji-Hye Lee, Hyeung-Geun Park, Young-Hwa Kang, Robert J. Linhardt, Yeong-Shik Kim
2011 Bulletin of the Korean Chemical Society (Print)  
Ginsenoside Rg3 was reported to have important biological activities. We demonstrate conjugation and quantification procedures of ginsenoside Rg3 to gold nanoparticles for future biological and medical applications. Ginsenoside Rg3 was conjugated to spherical gold nanoparticles using a bifunctional heptaethylene glycol linker. The sulfhydryl group of heptaethylene glycol was adsorbed onto gold nanoparticles, and carboxylic acid end of heptaethylene glycol was bonded through a hydroxyl group of
more » ... g3 via ester bond formation. The conjugation of Rg3 was characterized with various spectroscopic techniques, high resolution-transmission electron microscopy, and using Rg3 monoclonal antibody. The Rg3-functionalized gold nanoparticles were 4.7 ± 1.0 nm in diameter with a surface charge of -4.12 mV. The total number of Rg3 molecules conjugated to a 3.6 mL solution of gold nanoparticle was determined to be 9.5 × 10 14 corresponding to ~6 molecules of Rg3/gold nanoparticle. These results suggest that ginsenoside Rg3 is successfully conjugated to gold nanoparticles via heptaethylene glycol linker. The quantification was performed by using Rg3 monoclonal antibody without interference of gold's intrinsic color.
doi:10.5012/bkcs.2011.32.1.286 fatcat:cvktw7lbvbcjlagqanjtwiev6m