Homoeolog expression bias and expression level dominance (ELD) in four tissues of natural allotetraploid Brassica napus [post]

2019 unpublished
Background:Allopolyploids are widespread in angiosperms, and they can coordinate two or more different genomes through genetic and epigenetic modifications to exhibit stronger growth vigor and adaptability. To explore the changes in homologous gene expression patterns in the natural allotetraploidBrassica napus(AnAnCnCn) relative to its two diploid progenitors, B. rapa(ArAr) and B. oleracea(CoCo), after approximately7,500 years of domestication, the global gene pair expression patterns in four
more » ... n patterns in four major tissues (stems, leaves, flowers and siliques) of these three species were analyzed using an RNA sequencing approach. Results:The results showed that the 'transcriptomic shock' phenomenon was alleviated in natural B. napusafter approximately7,500 years of natural domestication, andmost differentially expressed genes (DEGs) in B. napuswere downregulated relative to those in its two diploid progenitors. The KEGG analysis indicated that three pathways related to photosynthesis were enriched in both comparison groups (AnAnCnCnvs ArArand AnAnCnCnvs CoCo), and these pathways were all downregulated in four tissues of B. napus. In addition, the homoeolog expression bias and expression level dominance (ELD) inB. napuswere thoroughly studied through analysis of the expression levels of 27609 B. rapa-B. oleraceaorthologous gene pairs. The overwhelming majority of gene pairs (an average of 86.7%) in B. napusmaintained their expression pattern in two diploid progenitors, and approximately 78.1% of the gene pairs showed expression bias with a preference toward the A subgenome. Overall, an average of 48%, 29.7% and 22.3% homologous gene pairs exhibited additivity expression, ELD and transgressive expression in B. napus, respectively. The ELD bias varies from tissue to tissue; specifically, more gene pairs in stems and siliques showed ELD-A, whereas the opposite was observed in leaves and flowers. More transgressive upregulationexpression, rather than downregulationexpression,was observedin gene pairs of B. napus. Conclusions:In general,
doi:10.21203/rs.2.11844/v2 fatcat:qmfwo5upzvbzfdmegzrqxp4vwy