Establish a teleost skin explant model for studying the fish-pathogen interaction [post]

Ru-Fang Siao, Chia-Hsuan Lin, Liang-Chun Wang
2021 unpublished
Teleost fish skin serves as the first line of defense against pathogens. The interaction between pathogen and host skin determines the infection outcome. However, the interaction and infection mechanisms remain largely unknown due to the lack of a proper tissue model that can quantitatively and qualitatively monitor infection progress. Here, we use striped catfish (Pangasius hypophthalmus) to establish an ex vivo skin explant tissue model that has not been explored in teleost fish before. The
more » ... fish before. The skin explant model, cultured by creating epithelial polarity, resembles the in vivo skin in tissue morphology, integrity, and mucous cell and immune functionality. Inoculation of Aeromonas hydrophila in this model induces epidermal exfoliation along with epithelial cell junction disassembly and inflammation. We therefore concluded that this ex vivo skin explant model could serve as a teleost skin infection model for monitoring pathogenesis under various infection conditions. The model can also potentially be translated into a platform to study prevention and treatment for aquatic infection on mucosal surface in aquaculture applications.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:zi5d7gkabngb3cnyirmfjkbbyi