Effect of Load Priority Modeling on the Size of Fuel Cell as an Emergency Power Unit in a More-Electric Aircraft

Mohammad Javad Salehpour, Hamid Radmanesh, Seyyed Mohammad Hosseini Rostami, Jin Wang, Hye-Jin Kim
2019 Applied Sciences  
The proton exchange membrane fuel cell as a green power source is a suitable replacement of the engine mounted generators in the emergency power unit of a more-electric aircraft. Most existing energy management methods for operation of fuel cells in the more-electric aircraft refer to the hydrogen consumption minimization. But due to the increasing number of electrical components and hence electrical demand in the aircraft, demand-side management should be considered in these methods. In order
more » ... o determine the effect of demand-side management on the fuel cell operation and size, an efficient load priority model is presented and integrated into an optimization framework. The proposed optimization framework is formulated as mixed-integer quadratic programming using Karush–Kuhn–Tucker optimality condition and is solved by CPLEX optimization tool. The Boeing 787 electrical distribution system is considered as a single-bus case study to evaluate the performance of the proposed optimization framework. Numerical results show that the size of fuel cell as an emergency power unit resource depends on the type and importance of the system's loads in different emergency conditions. Also, with an efficient priority model, both hydrogen consumption and load shedding can be decreased.
doi:10.3390/app9163241 fatcat:suig2iebrjfypje4vmigfyiw7e