On the 90th anniversary of the signing of the Lateran Pacts. Their genesis, most important provisions, and significance

Andrzej Gaca
2020 Studia Iuridica Toruniensia  
uniwersytet Mikołaja Kopernika, toruń agaca@umk.pl orcid: https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5051-3486 on the 90th anniversary of the signing of the lateran Pacts. their genesis, most important provisions, and significance http://dx.doi.org/10.12775/Sit.2019.018 the year 2019 marks the 90th anniversary of the signing of the lateran treaties. their conclusion led to the normalisation of relations between italy and the papacy, the creation of the Vatican city State (Stato della cittá del Vaticano), and
more » ... del Vaticano), and the conclusion by representatives of the Holy See and the italian government of a concordat ending a nearly sixty-year conflict between the italian Kingdom and the church. its functioning is connected with the roman catholic church and the Holy See, the seat of the Popes. thanks to the treaties, the church State, which had previously existed for more than eleven centuries, was resurrected and the concordat that italy concluded with the Holy See reorganised mutual relations in church matters. We should agree with those native researchers in italy's political history who believe that the so-called "roman Question" began as early as the end of the 18th century with the French revolution 1 . 1 it is assumed that the so-called "roman Question" was initiated by the French revolution. this was a consequence of the annexation of avignon in data WPŁYWu: 15 października 2019 r. data aKcePtacji: 16 grudnia 2019 r.
doi:10.12775/sit.2019.018 fatcat:cizxwvwzlfdprjrdppevb3dzuq