1914 Journal of the American Medical Association  
work was better done. The number of new attacks of malaria grew remarkably less. Quinin, generally in a sugar-coated or tasteless preparation, was readily and regularly taken by the children. The success with schoolchildren facilitated the introduction into families and homes. Dr. Briinn secured the same results in the special Jewish quarters. Even in the dry season, Jerusalem is a city much infested with mosquitoes, especially with anopheles, the malaria car¬ rier. Their destruction is the
more » ... nd task in the campaign against malaria. In Jerusalem mosquitoes, in addition to the dark dwellings of the inhabitants, infest the numerous cis¬ terns which are of large extent, very old, defectively built and easily accessible to the mosquito. Jerusalem is still exclusively supplied with rain-water for drinking purposes. The cisterns are also the breeding-places of the anopheles mosquito, and many swarm with mosquito larvae. If the cisterns were screened against mosquitoes, the mosquito plague, under present conditions, would cease in Jerusalem. By closing the cisterns to mosquitoes and doing away with the present unhygienic method of drawing water by pails which are let down through larger or smaller openings, generally left uncovered, and by replacing the pails by pumps in well-covered cisterns, it has been possible already to diminish the mosquito plague to a. remarkable extent in many parts of Jerusalem. Here the third form of the malaria campaign must begin by the education of the population, awakening their interest and winning their active cooperation in the removal of nuisances, and by permanent inspection of the cisterns by a health commission (mosquito commission). The authorities of the city have, moreover, made a permanent annual con¬ tribution to the work of the health office.
doi:10.1001/jama.1914.02570070074026 fatcat:x4wpjusj4vbp7ldhw2ujuqcxxa