Inhibition of HHIP Promoter Methylation Suppresses Human Gastric Cancer Cell Proliferation and Migration

Yun Zuo, Yan Lv, Xiaolan Qian, Shaokai Wang, Zhipen Chen, Qin Jiang, Cong Cao, Yu Song
2018 Cellular Physiology and Biochemistry  
Background/Aims: Human hedgehog-interacting protein (HHIP) is a negative regulator of the hedgehog (HH) signaling pathway. It is deregulated in gastric cancer. The underlying molecular mechanism of HHIP-induced inhibition of HH signaling remains to be determined. Methods: A lentiviral HHIP expression vector ("LV-HHIP") was established to exogenously over-express HHIP in gastric cancer cells. HHIP protein and mRNA were tested by Western blotting assay and quantitative real-time PCR assay,
more » ... e PCR assay, respectively. Cell survival was tested by the Cell Counting Kit-8 (CCK-8) assay. Cell proliferation was examined by the BrdU ELISA assay and [H 3 ] Thymidine DNA incorporation assay. Cell invasion and migration were tested by the phagokinetic track assay and the "Transwell" assay. The bisulfite-sequencing PCR was applied to test HHIP promoter methylation. Results: In the established (AGS cell line) and primary human gastric cancer cells, LV-HHIP transfection increased HHIP expression and inhibited cancer cell survival and proliferation as well as cell migration and invasion. Furthermore, LV-HHIP significantly attenuated promoter methylation of the endogenous HHIP gene in AGS cells, causing it upregulation . Inhibition of methylation by 5-aza-dc similarly induced HHIP expression in gastric cancer cells, which inhibited cancer cell proliferation and migration. Conclusions: Our results suggest that inhibition of HHIP promoter methylation can efficiently inhibit human gastric cancer cell proliferation and migration.
doi:10.1159/000487875 pmid:29539620 fatcat:twxj7fbywzcatc7lgpzymplgi4