'Entangled in Tokyo': Exploring Diverse Pathways of Labor Market Incorporation of African Immigrants in Japan

Djamila Schans
2012 African Diaspora  
In this article I explore employment practices and pathways of labor market incorporation of sub-Saharan African immigrants in Japan. Based on secondary information as well as 5 months of ethnographic fijieldwork in Tokyo and its suburbs, I will fijirst describe the history of migration from Africa to Japan and the current demographic characteristics of African immigrants in Japan. I will then continue to describe the employment practices of African immigrants to explore questions surrounding
more » ... tions surrounding integration, incorporation, and the use of human and social capital in the Japanese context. My fijindings give a fijirst indication of the mechanisms behind the diverse trajectories, especially highlighting the importance of entrepreneurship, transnational ties with the country of origin, and ties with Japanese nationals in facilitating labor market incorporation. Finally, attention is also given to the role of the Japanese state in facilitating or hindering opportunities for employment.
doi:10.1163/187254612x646215 fatcat:s36ebyqbovdy3m23d6nqzpaxq4