THE AMERICAN MILITARY PRESENCE IN THE ARAB GULF REGION

ABDUL JABBAR ISMAEL IBRAHIM
2020 International journal of research in social sciences and humanities  
The importance of the Arab region, and the Gulf region in particular with regard to Washington, has increased, especially after the decision to ban oil exports, as this importance has increased with the Iranian revolution, and Iran has adopted policies to export the revolution specifically targeting the Gulf region, and its influence has increased there, which means harming Washington's interests, especially Moscow did not oppose the revolution. Using the "Masirah" island of the Sultanate,
more » ... the Sultanate, which contributes to controlling the entire Gulf region. The October 1973 war and the oil embargo that accompanied it contributed to crystallizing a new pattern of American projects towards the Gulf, which are projects of direct military intervention if the Iranian revolution and Soviet intervention in Afghanistan were the most important changes that affected the course of US policy in the region, but that The outbreak of the Iraq-Iran war. In light of these changes, the American strategy in the Gulf gained new features, and the policies of the American forces were taken, obtaining rules and facilities, and developing the capabilities of direct intervention. This led to the United States seeking to obtain maritime facilities and bases in the Arab Gulf countries, especially during the era of the current US President Donald Trump, and the reason to confront the Iranian expansionist project in the region, which ultimately threatens the national security of the Gulf states .
doi:10.37648/ijrssh.v10i02.001 fatcat:3hx57k2jjjevndsmevmj535qnm