The role of autophagy induced by pemetrexed in lung adenocarcinoma cells

JI-HYE PARK, YOUNG-RAE LEE, HONG-SEOB SO, KANG-KYOO LEE, SAM-YOUN LEE, SUN-ROCK MOON, HYANG-JEONG JO, SEOUL LEE, KYUYONG JEONG, KANG-BEOM KWON, SEI-HOON YANG
2014 Oncology Reports  
Autophagy is known as an important regulatory mediator for cell survival or death and its important role in cancer. Pemetrexed (PTX) has been used in chemotherapy for lung cancer. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms have not been fully clarified. To investigate the role of autophagy induced by PTX in A549 cells, we performed MTT assay, acridine orange staining, western blotting, Annexin V/ PI by using the 3-MA autophagy inhibitor. PTX induced autophagy after 48 h treatment in A549
more » ... atment in A549 cells. Furthermore, PTX showed acidic vesicular organelles (AVOs) and expressed LC3-II in A549 cells. The induction of autophagy by PTX was inhibited by 3-MA which was confirmed by reduced AVOs. When the autophagy was inhibited, Annexin V was increased. In addition, PARP cleavage was increased as shown by western blotting. Taken together, PTX induced autophagy in A549 cells and these cellular events possibly cause the apoptotic and/or necrotic cell death of A549 cells.
doi:10.3892/or.2014.3071 pmid:24626722 fatcat:gwko7732ijdsnee73glgyxxmti