Memoria Declarativa (Convencional Y Emocional) En Personas Mayores Con y Sin Depresión
Revista chilena de neuro-psiquiatría
Taking into consideration, on the one hand, the Bower model (1981) and the reported evidence indicating that information congruent with mood is more easily remembered; and on the other hand, the tripartite model Clark and Watson (1991) , which indicates that people with depression have a high level of negative affect and low level of positive affect, the objective of the present study is to study the performance in declarative memory ( of words with positive emotional charge, negative and
... negative and without emotional charge) in people over 65 who have depression and controls. Method: A sample of 39 elderly people was used, without cognitive impairment or dementia and with adequate functional activity, distributed in two groups (group 1, n = 19, with depression and group 2, n = 20, without depression). The scores obtained in a test of declarative memory of words (with positive, negative and neutral emotional charge) were analyzed. Results: No differences in memory performance were observed between participants with depression and controls. Nor were significant correlations found between the scales of depression, positive and negative affect with the words remembered with and without emotional charge. Discussion: The results obtained suggest that there is no relationship between declarative memory with and without emotional load with affects in older people.