An Evaluation of Plasticity-Induced Crack Closure Concept and Measurement Methods [chapter]

JC Newman
Advances in Fatigue Crack Closure Measurement and Analysis: Second Volume  
An assessment of the plasticity-induced crack-closure concept is made, in light of some of the questions that have been raised on the validity of the concept, and the assumptions that have been made concerning crack-tip damage below the crack-opening stress. The impact of using other crack-tip parameters, such as the cyclic crack-tip displacement, to model crack-growth rate behavior was studied. Crack-growth simulations, using a crack-closure model, showed a close relation between traditional
more » ... eff and the cyclic crack-tip displacement (∆δ eff ) for an aluminum alloy and a steel. Evaluations of the cyclic hysteresis energy demonstrated that the cyclic plastic damage below the crackopening stress was negligible in the Paris crack-growth regime. Some of the standard and newly proposed remote measurement methods to determine the "effective" crack-tip driving parameter were evaluated on middle-crack tension specimens. A potential source of the K max effect on crack-growth rates was studied on an aluminum alloy. Results showed that the ratio of K max to K c had a strong effect on crack-growth rates at high stress ratios and at low stress ratios for very high stress levels. The crack-closure concept and the traditional crack-growth rate equations were able to correlate and predict crack-growth rates under these extreme conditions. Public reporting burden for this collection of information is estimated to average 1 hour per response, including the time for reviewing instructions, searching existing data sources, gathering and maintaining the data needed, and completing and reviewing the collection of information. Send comments regarding this burden estimate or any other aspect of this collection of information, including suggestions for reducing the burden, to REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE
doi:10.1520/stp15754s fatcat:5ima2kh47rfipg657vagrz5oke