A review of clinical profile, complications and antibiotic susceptibility pattern of extensively drug resistant (XDR) Salmonella Typhi isolates in children in Karachi [post]

Saba Shahid, Marvi Mahesar, Nida Ghouri, Saba Noreen
2020 unpublished
Background: Enteric fever is a systemic infection, which can be caused by Salmonella enterica; Typhi and Paratyphi A. Over a period of time Salmonella Typhi has developed resistance to many antibiotics which has resulted in emergence of extensively drug resistant (XDR) enteric fever. WHO estimated 5274 cases of XDR Enteric fever in Karachi from November 2016 to December 2019.This study aims to determine clinical course, complications and outcomes of XDR enteric fever among the pediatric
more » ... on coming to Indus HospitalMethods: A retrospective chart review of pediatric patients (aged 1 month–15 years) seen in Indus Hospital between July 2017 to December 2018 was conducted. A pre-designed data abstraction form was used to record detailed information about seasonality and distribution of cases, demographic details, signs and symptoms, clinical course, treatment, complications and final outcomes of the cases treated for XDR Enteric feverResults: Six hundred and eighty children were included in the study. The median (IQR) age of the patients was 5 (2-8) years. More than half (n=391, 57.5%) of the patients were males. Most common clinical manifestations included fever vomiting and diarrhea which were noted in 680 (100%), 242 (35%) and 174 patients (25%) Final outcomes of 270 (39.7%) patients have been recorded; 351 (51.6%) were lost to follow up, 52 (7.6%) were referred out and 7 (1%) left without medical advice. 266 (39.1%) patients were cured and 4 children (0.6%) expired. Seventy eight patients (82%) and 15 patients (16.3%) got cured on Azithromycin and Meropenum alone while 157 patients got cured on combination of drugs.Conclusion: Our review indicated that children under 5 years of age were affected more with XDR Enteric fever. Meropenum and Azithromycin, either alone or in combination were the most effective antibiotics for treating XDR Enteric fever in children coming to Indus hospital
doi:10.21203/rs.3.rs-51063/v1 fatcat:nx45wii2ana7xefbnp4gvgw2w4