Comparison of oribatid mites from agricultural soils with contrasting irrigation types in Hidalgo State, Mexico: a case study

Ricardo Iglesias, José G. Palacios-Vargas, Gabriela Castaño-Meneses
2019 Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad  
The objective of this work is to know the structure (composition and density) of the community of the oribatid mites and their relationship to edaphic parameters in 2 agricultural parcels with different type of irrigation. It constitutes the first work done with oribatid mites in agricultural plots irrigated with waste water in Mexico. Two agricultural parcels were selected: one is irrigated with waste water (San Salvador) and the other with well water (El Bondho) from the municipality of San
more » ... nicipality of San Salvador. The density of oribatids in San Salvador was higher than that from El Bondho (2,360 and 1,935 ind/m 2 , respectively). The maximum abundances in percentages in San Salvador were for 3 species: Tectocepheus velatus elegans (48%), Scheloribates sp. (15%) and Oppiella nova (13%); but for El Bondho, there were only 2 species: Zygoribatula connexa (74%) and Ramusella sp. (10%). Due to soil conditions by the irrigation type, results gave information, on one hand, about the tolerance of some species like O. nova, R. ardua, and T. velatus elegans to heavy metals, and on the other hand, about the low resistance to heavy metals of Epilohmannia pallida and Z. connexa, which were present in the less polluted parcel, but are tolerant to saline soils. Results can be useful to support the use of some species of oribatid mites as bioindicators in ecosystems with similar conditions. Resumen El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo conocer la estructura (composición y densidad) de la comunidad de ácaros oribátidos y su relación con parámetros edáficos en 2 parcelas agrícolas con riego diferente, y constituye el primer trabajo sobre ácaros oribátidos en suelos regados con aguas residuales en México. Se seleccionaron 2 parcelas agrícolas, R. Iglesias et al. / Revista Mexicana de Biodiversidad 90 (2019): e902780 2 https://doi.
doi:10.22201/ib.20078706e.2019.90.2780 fatcat:kh533jq7jzal5kcop5kg6h33t4