Geological identification of historical tsunamis in the Gulf of Corinth, Central Greece

S. Kortekaas, G. A. Papadopoulos, A. Ganas, A. B. Cundy, A. Diakantoni
2011 Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences  
Geological identification of tsunami deposits is important for tsunami hazard studies, especially in areas where the historical data set is limited or absent. Evidence left by historical tsunamis in the coastal sedimentary record of the Gulf of Corinth was investigated by trenching and coring in Kirra on the north coast and Aliki on the south coast. The Gulf of Corinth has a documented tsunami history dating back to the 4th century BC. Comparison of the historical records and the results of
more » ... the results of stratigraphical, sedimentological and foraminiferal analyses show that extreme coastal flooding events are detectable in the coastal sequences. The geological record from Kirra shows four sand layers deposited by high-energy marine flooding events. The deposits identified show many similarities with tsunami deposits described elsewhere.
doi:10.5194/nhess-11-2029-2011 fatcat:5yhmqqbxhbdfrjj5weqxlqwmvi