Relationship between Groundwater Resources and Quaternary Faults of Sirjan Plain Using Weight of Evidence Method

ali mehrabi, mohsen pourkhosravani, Department of Geography & Urban Planning, Faculty of Literature & Humanities, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran, Department of Geography & Urban Planning, Faculty of Literature & Humanities, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
2019 geographical researches quarterly journal  
Abassnejad & Shahidasht;2013] Vulnerability of Sirjan plain due to aquifer over ...; [Abdullahi & Pradhan; 2016] Sustainable Brownfields Land use change modeling using GIS-based weights-of-...; [Agard, et al; 2005] Convergence history across Zagros (Iran], constraints from collisional and earlier ...; [Alaei Taleghani & SaeediKia; 2013] The role of geomorphologic factors in formation and nourishing of underground ...; [Aliabadi, et al; 2014] The role of active tectonics and tectonic lineaments
more » ... n the development of underground aquifers in ...; [Alonso, et al; 2008] Lineament mapping for groundwater exploration using remotely sensed imagery ...; [Ammar & Kamal; 2018] Resistivity method contribution in determining of fault zone and hydro-geophysical characteristics of ...; [Armas;2012] Weights of evidence method for landslide susceptibility mapping Prahova, ...; [Azadikhah , et al, 2015] Formation of extensional basin in internal part of the Zag-Ros orogeny in west of ...; [Carranza;2009] Controls on mineral deposit occurrence inferred from analysis of their spatial pattern and spatial association with ...; [Dehbozorgi & Rezaie 2016] Quaternary active faults effect on the abundance of underground water resources in Maharlu ...; [Dortz, et al; 2011] Dating inset terraces and offset fans along the Dehshir Fault (Iran] combining ...; [Foroutan, et al; 2011] Late pleistocene-holocene right-slip rate of the Dehshir Fault, Central Iran ...; [Hashemi, et al; 2010] Investigating the role of major faults in controlling the frequency of groundwater ...; [Hernandez & Burbey;2012] Fault-controlled deformation and stress from pumping-induced ...; [Kazemi, et al; 2005] Investigation the effect of structural elements on the karst water resource abundance in ...; [Kiani & Yousefi; 2017] Effect of active faults in the groundwater level of Shaharchay basin in; [Mehrabi & Derakhshani; 2010] Generation of integrated geochemicalgeological predictive model ...; [Mehrabi, et al; 2009] Spatial association of mineralization and fractures in meiduk porphyry copper ...; [Mehrnehad & Mehrshahi; 2005] Structural analysis and seismotectonics of Dashir ...; [Mohajjel, et al; 2003] Cretaceous-tertiary convergence and continental collision, Sanandaj-Sirjan zone, ...; [Najib, et al; 2013] Study of the effects of earthquake on observation wells and springs of Varzagan and ...; [Nespoli, et al; 2016] Modeling earthquake effects on groundwater levels: Evidences from ...; [Pamela, et al; 2017] Weights of evidence method for landslide susceptibility mapping in Takengon, central Aceh, ...; [Pourkermani & Arian; 1997] Seismotectonic ...; [Turner; 1997] Predictive GIS model for sediment-hosted gold deposits, North-Central ...; [Fan, et al; 2011] Weight of evidence method and its applications and ...; [Kerman Regional Water Company; 2017] Province water ...; [Kresic & Stevanovic;2009] Groundwater hydrology of ... Aims & Backgrounds The faults and tectonic structures have a major effect on groundwater resources. They create aquifers and control their path. Determination of the relationship between faults and groundwater resources can help to identify the new water resources. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between faults and groundwater resources of Sirjan plain, numerically. Methodology The 1 km buffers around the faults were extracted using the weight of evidence method through providing the quaternary fault layer and the position of Qanats and wells of the Sirjan plain by GIS 8.0 software. In the next step, by performing the operation of overlaying of the Qanats and wells with the faults layer, the coefficients of weights of evidence method were calculated. Findings The most correlation between the wells and faults was in the 1 km distance from the strike fault and the major correlation between the Qanats and faults was within 2 km distance from the strike fault. 65% of deep and semi-deep drilled wells in the Sirjan plain were affected by faults, while only 24% of the Qanats in this region were related to the faults. Conclusion The quaternary faults have the nutrition potential of groundwater aquifers of Sirjan plain considering the arid and semi-arid climatic and geographic conditions of Sirjan plain, and increasing needs for water resources.
doi:10.29252/geores.34.2.175 fatcat:lgpojwjjc5atpcg7chnm2f7nva