V. Yu. Murzin
2019 Archaeology and Early History of Ukraine  
This article is a kind of response to the work of T. M. Kuznetsova, in which she argues that a reliable indicator of the burials of Scythian «kings» and nomarhs is the presence of bronze boilers in the grave goods. We are still confident that quite definitely we can select from the total mass of Scythian burials only the tombs of the supreme «kings» of Scythia (and not so much by the presence of boilers, but by other signs) and the burials of ordinary Scythians. It is impossible to isolate the
more » ... ble to isolate the burials of the Scythian «younger kings» and nomarchs from a significant array of funerary monuments of the highest Scythian aristocracy, including by the presence of boilers. This is explained by the fact that the social and property status of the nomarchs, depending on the number of soldiers in his nome, as well as the nobility of this unit of the Scythian horde, were very different. All the foregoing applies to younger kings as well. Moreover, the nomarch, who was at the head of one of the nomes (tribes) of the Scythians-royals, could surpass the «younger king», who led the least privileged wing («kingdom») of the Scythian nomadic community. And if we consider that the highest Scythian aristocracy could include military leaders, who became famous not for their nobility, but for military victories, as well as assistants to the supreme king (in the current language — advisors), who had management experience, and others whose functions we can only guess, the picture that emerges is quite variegated, so we hardly ever succeed to understand it, due to the limitedness of our knowledge.
doi:10.37445/adiu.2019.02.10 fatcat:pqmtovaaurc7le5zg32fl3xqky