Pediatric Auditory Brainstem Implant Surgery: A New Option for Auditory Habilitation in Congenital Deafness?

P. V. Shah, E. D. Kozin, A. B. Kaplan, D. J. Lee
2016 Journal of the American Board of Family Medicine  
The auditory brainstem implant (ABI) is a neuroprosthetic device that provides sound sensations to individuals with profound hearing loss who are not candidates for a cochlear implant (CI) because of anatomic constraints. Herein we describe the ABI for family physicians. Methods: PubMed was searched to identify articles relevant to the ABI, as well as articles that contain outcomes data for pediatric patients (age <18 years) who have undergone ABI surgery. Results: The ABI was originally
more » ... ed for patients with neurofibromatosis type 2 (NF2) who become deaf from bilateral vestibular schwannomas. Over the past decade, indications for an ABI have expanded to adult patients without tumors (without NF2) who cannot receive a CI and children with no cochlea or cochlear nerve. Outcomes among NF2 ABI users are modest compared to cochlear implant patients, but recent studies from Europe suggest that some non-tumor adult and pediatric ABI users achieve speech perception. Conclusion: The ABI is a reasonable surgical option for children with profound hearing loss due to severe cochlear or cochlear nerve deformities. Continued prospective data collection from several clinical trials in the U.S. will provide greater understanding on long term outcomes that focus on speech intelligibility. ( J Am Board Fam Med 2016;29:286 -288.)
doi:10.3122/jabfm.2016.02.150258 pmid:26957388 fatcat:htlfprh6qje7zjzeq25wzvstxm