Melanotic Neuroectodermal Tumor of Infancy: a Clinicopathological Case Report

Patrícia Maria Fernandes, Rogério de Andrade Elias, Alan Roger Santos-Silva, André Caroli Rocha, Pablo Augustin Vargas, Marcio Ajudarte Lopes
Brazilian Dental Journal  
Melanotic neuroectodermal tumor of infancy (MNTI) is a rare neoplasm that affects mainly children under 1 year of age. A 4-month-old boy was referred for evaluation of a lesion with 1 month of evolution. Intra-oral examination detected a firm upon palpation submucosal nodular mass, measuring 1.5 cm in diameter, affecting the anterior maxillary alveolar ridge and covered by a slightly blue mucosa with evident telangiectasia. The patient underwent an incisional biopsy and histological and
more » ... logical and immunohistochemical analyses revealed nests of AE1/AE3 positive epithelioid cells with abundant melanin pigmentation. Other cell types, resembling neuroblasts, were also present and positive for CD56, synaptophysin and enolase. The diagnosis of MNTI was established and the patient was referred for treatment. Conservative surgical resection was performed along with 3 adjacent teeth under general anesthesia. The patient is in follow-up for 1,5 year without recurrence. Conservative surgical management of MNTI may be an alternative to maxillectomy, contributing to the patient´s quality of life.
doi:10.1590/0103-6440201801787 pmid:30462768 fatcat:aydgcpl5ergyvjimekeentuhpy