Financial modeling trends for production companies in the context of Industry 4.0
Investment Management & Financial Innovations
Over the years, technological progress has accelerated highly, and the speed, flexibility, human error reduction, and the ability to manage the process in real time have become more critical and required production companies to adapt production and business models according to the needs. The demand for real-time decision support systems adapted to these raising business needs is continuously growing. Nevertheless, businesses usually face challenges in identifying new indicators, data sources,
... rs, data sources, and appropriate financial modeling methods to analyze them. This paper aims to define and summarize the main financial/economic forecasting methods for production companies in the context of Industry 4.0. Main findings show forecasting accuracy of up to 96% when combining economic and demand information, optimal forecasting period from 10 months to five years, more frequent use of soft indicators in forecasting, the relationship between company's size and production planning. Four groups of indicators used in financial modeling, such as (I) production-related, (II) customers' and demand-oriented, (III) industry-specific, and (IV) media information indicators, were separated. The analysis forms a suggestion for decision-makers to pay more attention to the forecasting object identification, indicators' selection peculiarities, data collection possibilities, and the choice of appropriate methods of financial modeling. AcknowledgmentThis work was partly supported by Project No. 0121U100470 "Sustainable development and resource security: from disruptive technologies to digital transformation of Ukrainian economy".