Optimized Directed Roadmap Graph for Multi-Agent Path Finding Using Stochastic Gradient Descent [article]

Christian Henkel, Marc Toussaint
2020 arXiv   pre-print
We present a novel approach called Optimized Directed Roadmap Graph (ODRM). It is a method to build a directed roadmap graph that allows for collision avoidance in multi-robot navigation. This is a highly relevant problem, for example for industrial autonomous guided vehicles. The core idea of ODRM is, that a directed roadmap can encode inherent properties of the environment which are useful when agents have to avoid each other in that same environment. Like Probabilistic Roadmaps (PRMs),
more » ... first step is generating samples from C-space. In a second step, ODRM optimizes vertex positions and edge directions by Stochastic Gradient Descent (SGD). This leads to emergent properties like edges parallel to walls and patterns similar to two-lane streets or roundabouts. Agents can then navigate on this graph by searching their path independently and solving occurring agent-agent collisions at run-time. Using the graphs generated by ODRM compared to a non-optimized graph significantly fewer agent-agent collisions happen. We evaluate our roadmap with both, centralized and decentralized planners. Our experiments show that with ODRM even a simple centralized planner can solve problems with high numbers of agents that other multi-agent planners can not solve. Additionally, we use simulated robots with decentralized planners and online collision avoidance to show how agents are a lot faster on our roadmap than on standard grid maps.
arXiv:2003.12924v1 fatcat:v72foswzarcfrnl63hcw3vhl3a