FORMATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF PUBLIC NEEDS AS A MEASURE OF IMPROVEMENT OF SOCIETY TERRITORIAL ORGANIZATION
Baltic Journal of Economic Studies
The purpose of the paper is to study the relationship of the formation and implementation of the range of social needs with the evolution and activity is focused on the improvement of the territorial organization of society. Methodology of research involves: the substantiation of the origin, factors for the development, approaches to classification, functions of public needs in the development of state and society; the study of the socio-humanitarian space of formation and realization of the
... alization of the needs of individuals, functional and territorial communities, as well as a mechanism of their satisfaction at the national and spatial scales (on the example of Ukraine -a country with a developing economy, wherein the decentralization of powers in the field social welfare and consolidation of local communities are implemented at present). Results. Summarized and proved the patterns and trends of development, evolution, transformation of needs of social groups, functional and territorial communities of the population, as well as the relationship of these processes with the economic and institutional capacities and mechanisms of satisfaction of the spectrum of social needs in consideration of peculiarities, achieved and desired parameters of development of productive forces, human and other components of the social and humanitarian potential, cultural features of the society. The development of the institutional, functional and territorial organization of society, in fact, is a process of formation and implementation in the range of human needs (individual and collective), which is estimated with the factors, conditions and mechanisms of their satisfaction, including through the dynamics of the positions of the spectrum of social groups and subjects concerning the required amount of vital goods consumption. Practical implications. Social and political transformation stimulates the establishment of the multidirectional formation in the Ukrainian economy of public goods, combining public and private (private commercial and non-profit) enterprises, institutions, organizations, that: provide services to the various strata of the population, which normalized within social guarantees volume and quality (based on public procurement, temporary contracts and corporate contacts, supported in the case of fulfillment of the conditions of resource intensity, the volume of budget financing, quality, terms of providing goods and services); are coordinated by budgetary and fiscal policy. Significant factors of development of local communities and improvement of the investment climate in the regions are: the provision of social mobility (basis -an adequate level of personal incomes, the implementation of state policy for employment creation and assistance in the household arrangement of hired employees); socio-economic activation of the population (through the promotion of entrepreneurship, self-employment and innovation activity of business entities, labor migrations, improvement of professional and qualification potential of labor resources). Value/originality. Regulation of the organizational and economic mechanism of implementation of legislative guarantees for consumption of socially necessary services, satisfaction of the individualized needs of the Ukrainian population, will contribute to: the improvement of the territorial organization of social infrastructure in accordance with the goals of the reform of administrative structure and enhancement the of the social powers of local budgets; increase of the effectiveness in processes of reproduction and the capitalization of socio-humanitarian potential.