Gender aspect of political repression (on the example of East Kazakhstan)

A.S. Zhanbosynovа, A.T. Kazbekova, G/ Niyazkankyzy
Kazbekova Ainur Tatimbekovna senior lecturer, master of history of the Department of history of Kazakhstan Of he East Kazakhstan state University S. Amanzholova Niyazkankyzy Gul'zhanat k.i.n., SNS, Vostochno-Kazahstanskij gosudarstvennyj universitet im. S. Amanzholova Annotation. Gender history and gender studies are the focus of research that is of particular interest to both men and women today. The purpose of the article is to examine the history of political repression, using gender
more » ... ogy to see the position of men and women in the new status of the repressed, the transformation of their life strategies as a socio-cultural phenomenon. The historiographical review shows that the subject of gender studies covers personal, political history, showing the intersection of male and female destinies in global historical processes. The publication analysis shows that gender studies in the post-Soviet space are at the stage of formation, including in Kazakhstan, despite the fact that it was here that the well-known Akmola camp of wives of traitors to the Motherland was located. The basis of the study of repressive everyday life was an interdisciplinary approach. When writing the study was used synthesis of macroand micro-historical approaches, as macrohistorical approach reflected the changing socio-economic, spiritual development, and micro-historical approach allowed us to trace the influence of macroevents on the choice of strategy of survival of the repressed. The gender aspect of political repression has not yet become the subject of a special study, according to the documents, the families of traitors were subjected to repression in a simplified format, no investigation, no court session was held. Some of them were relatives, others their spouses and children. Probably, judging by the content of letters to the chsir, methods of derogatory violence were used, to the male half of the methods of physical violence, which is confirmed by the materials of investigative cases.
doi:10.31551/2410-2725-2018-4-4-545-557 fatcat:flm6b4ukhrdqliisimyl3v7qda