Bacterial Pigments and its Significance

Nafi'u Abdulkadir
2017 MOJ Bioequivalence & Bioavailability  
Pigments are compounds that are widely used in industries that come in a wide variety of colors, some of which are water-soluble. Nontoxic nature of pigment produced by a number of microorganisms make them environmentally friendly for utilization in dye, foodstuff, pharmacy, cosmetics and other industrial purposes. Moreover natural pigments produced from biological origin have medicinal importance as been used as antioxidant, antimicrobial, additives, color intensifiers, and anticancer as well
more » ... anticancer as well as economically friendly. Some of Bacteria capable of producing pigment with different varieties of colors are Agrobacterium aurantiacum, Staphylococcus aureus, Chromobacterium violaceum, Serratia marcescens, Bacillus Spp, Flavobacterium sp, etc. colors are Pink-red, Golden Yellow, Purple, red, Creamy and yellow respectively. Industrial production of natural food colorants by microbial fermentation has several advantages such as cheaper production, easier extraction, higher yields through strain improvement, no lack of raw materials and no seasonal. Therefore the present study aimed at reviewing pigment produced by bacteria and its significance.
doi:10.15406/mojbb.2017.04.00073 fatcat:jkzf5cys5na4rit4t32eknvbka