Autophagy in Neurodegenerative Diseases: A Hunter for Aggregates

Hyungsun Park, Ju-Hee Kang, Seongju Lee
2020 International Journal of Molecular Sciences  
Cells have developed elaborate quality-control mechanisms for proteins and organelles to maintain cellular homeostasis. Such quality-control mechanisms are maintained by conformational folding via molecular chaperones and by degradation through the ubiquitin-proteasome or autophagy-lysosome system. Accumulating evidence suggests that impaired autophagy contributes to the accumulation of intracellular inclusion bodies consisting of misfolded proteins, which is a hallmark of most
more » ... diseases. In addition, genetic mutations in core autophagy-related genes have been reported to be linked to neurodegenerative diseases, such as Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, and Huntington's disease. Conversely, the pathogenic proteins, such as amyloid β and α-synuclein, are detrimental to the autophagy pathway. Here, we review the recent advances in understanding the relationship between autophagic defects and the pathogenesis of neurodegenerative diseases and suggest autophagy induction as a promising strategy for the treatment of these conditions.
doi:10.3390/ijms21093369 pmid:32397599 fatcat:l473s4b4mfabhnnfzefk66e4ka