An experimental research on excretion in the small intestine1

Cyril Corlette
1900 Journal of Physiology  
NUMEROUS workers have, for some years past, firmly established the fact that the solid constituents of the normal faeces are, to some extent, the production of the body, and not wholly the food residue. The relative extent of the cointribution thus furnished has, usually, been regarded as a very small one. Though attempts have been made to estimate it, yet there is certainly none too much known as to the amount of fawces arising from this source. The classical studies of Bischoff and C. Voit5,
more » ... hoff and C. Voit5, Muller', Rieder4 and others, by various methods which have, hitherto, furnished the bulk of our knowledge on the subject, have of late years been supplemented by the introduction of a newer method of observation, which consists in isolating segmenits of intestine fronm the main channel, closing, themn by careful surgical procedure, and leaving them in place for a longer or a shorter time, after which they are removed, and the contents examinied. Restoration of the main channel is, of course, secured by re-approximation at the seat of resection. The operation was performed, though for another purpose, by W. Halsted5 in 1887. In his account he records the fact that an accumulation occurred in the loop. It was first performed for the purpose of studying intestinal secretion or excretion, by Hermann6 in 1889. Reports, touchina the use and results of the method, have since been published by Ehrenthal and Blitstein7 in 1891, Fritz 1 Towards the expenses of this research grants were made by the British Medical Association.
doi:10.1113/jphysiol.1900.sp000801 pmid:16992539 fatcat:l3jj4ndhmrculmdwlejpxlnpqm