MDR/XDR-TB management of patients and contacts: Challenges facing the new decade. The 2020 clinical update by the Global Tuberculosis Network

Giovanni Battista Migliori, Simon Tiberi, Alimuddin Zumla, Eskild Petersen, Jeremiah Muhwa Chakaya, Christian Wejse, Marcela Muñoz Torrico, Raquel Duarte, Jan Willem Alffenaar, H. Simon Schaaf, Ben J. Marais, Daniela Maria Cirillo (+11 others)
2020 International Journal of Infectious Diseases  
The continuous flow of new research articles on MDR-TB diagnosis, treatment, prevention and rehabilitation requires frequent update of existing guidelines. This review is aimed at providing clinicians and public health staff with an updated and easy-to-consult document arising from consensus of Global Tuberculosis Network (GTN) experts. The core published documents and guidelines have been reviewed, including the recently published MDR-TB WHO rapid advice and ATS/CDC/ERS/IDSA guidelines. After
more » ... guidelines. After a rapid review of epidemiology and risk factors, the clinical priorities on MDR-TB diagnosis (including whole genome sequencing and drug-susceptibility testing interpretations) and treatment (treatment design and management, TB in children) are discussed. Furthermore, the review comprehensively describes the latest information on contact tracing and LTBI management in MDR-TB contacts, while providing guidance on post-treatment functional evaluation and rehabilitation of TB sequelae, infection control and other public health priorities.
doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2020.01.042 pmid:32032752 fatcat:6wvmivxzf5ao3icofykeyflhla