Neuronal correlates of functional magnetic resonance imaging in human temporal cortex

George A. Ojemann, David P. Corina, Neva Corrigan, Julie Schoenfield-McNeill, Andrew Poliakov, Leona Zamora, Stavros Zanos
2009 Brain  
The relationship between changes in functional magnetic resonance imaging and neuronal activity remains controversial. Data collected during awake neurosurgical procedures for the treatment of epilepsy provided a rare opportunity to examine this relationship in human temporal association cortex. We obtained functional magnetic resonance imaging blood oxygen dependent signals, single neuronal activity and local field potentials from 8 to 300 Hz at 13 temporal cortical sites, from nine subjects,
more » ... uring paired associate learning and control measures. The relation between the functional magnetic resonance imaging signal and the electrophysiologic parameters was assessed in two ways: colocalization between significant changes in these signals on the same paired associate-control comparisons and multiple linear regressions of the electrophysiologic measures on the functional magnetic resonance imaging signal, across all tasks. Significant colocalization was present between increased functional magnetic resonance imaging signals and increased local field potentials power in the 50-250 Hz range. Local field potentials power greater than 100 Hz was also a significant regressor for the functional magnetic resonance imaging signal, establishing this local field potentials frequency range as a neuronal correlate of the functional magnetic resonance imaging signal. There was a trend for a relation between power in some low frequency local field potentials frequencies and the functional magnetic resonance imaging signal, for 8-15 Hz increases in the colocalization analysis and 16-23 Hz in the multiple linear regression analysis. Neither analysis provided evidence for an independent relation to frequency of single neuron activity. Keywords: fMRI; single neuron activity; local field potentials; paired-associative learning; temporal cortex Abbreviations: BOLD = blood oxygen level dependent; ECoG = electrocorticogram; fMRI = functional magnetic resonance imaging; ID = word identification; LFP = local field potential; PA = paired associate; ROI = region of interest
doi:10.1093/brain/awp227 pmid:19773355 pmcid:PMC2801320 fatcat:i4v77txgcrbtng7boebhqrof6u