Long term virological follow up of Hepatitis C (VHC) monoinfected patients who achieved end of treatment response (ETR)

C. Vujacich, P. Rodriguez Iantorno, G. Vidiella, E. Poggi, P. Titanti, P. Canda, E. Sturba, D. Stamboulian
2010 International Journal of Infectious Diseases  
Abstracts nucleos(t)ide analogues. Patients were evaluated based on virologic and serologic response to therapy, and were classified as patients with a detectable level of HBV DNA and undetectable HBV DNA (<1.08 log copies/ml). The mutations associated with HBV drug resistance were investigated in patients with detectable HBV DNA. Due to resistance, in this group of patients treatment was change. Results: In our study group, four patients developed LAM-associated mutations (rtL180M+rtM204V,
more » ... 80M+rtM204V/I, and 2 present rtM204I), three patients developed ADV-associated mutations (rtA181V+rtN236T; rtN236T and rtA181V), one patient developed ADV+LAM associated mutations (rtL180M+rtA181V+rtN236T) and other patient developed ETV-associated mutations (rtL180M+rtT184A+rtS202G+rtM204V). Beside the primary resistant mutations, various combinations of secondary and compensatory mutations conferring resistance to nucleos(t)ide analogues were detected in 5 (33%) patients. Conclusion: HBV treatment with nucleoside analogues results in the development of mutants strains, leading to drug resistance. These data suggest an early development of ETV resistance in patients with prior LAM and ADV resistance. Therefore genotypic resistance is important in monitoring HBV treatment. In conclusion, optimization of therapy combining LAM and ADV may be a good choice for patients with hepatitis B who have resistance mutations to ADV or LMV.
doi:10.1016/j.ijid.2010.02.2009 fatcat:hqui4aufkfdrlhiibcmb4xszvi