Therapeutic Advances of Stem Cell-Derived Extracellular Vesicles in Regenerative Medicine

Lei Yin, Xiaotian Liu, Yinghong Shi, Dickson Kofi Wiredu Ocansey, Yuyan Hu, Xiaoxi Li, Chenxiao Zhang, Wenrong Xu, Hui Qian
2020 Cells  
Extracellular vesicles (EVs), which are the main paracrine components of stem cells, mimic the regenerative capacity of these cells. Stem cell-derived EVs (SC-EVs) have been used for the treatment of various forms of tissue injury in preclinical trials through maintenance of their stemness, induction of regenerative phenotypes, apoptosis inhibition, and immune regulation. The efficiency of SC-EVs may be enhanced by selecting the appropriate EV-producing cells and cell phenotypes, optimizing
more » ... culture conditions for the production of optimal EVs, and further engineering the EVs produced to transport therapeutic and targeting molecules.
doi:10.3390/cells9030707 pmid:32183102 fatcat:f7xt3pkdpnf4vmeigyrrruo7my