Investigation of mechanical characteristics of GFRP composites produced from chopped glass fiber and application of taguchi methods to turning operations

Yahya Hışman Çelik, Cihat Türkan
2020 SN Applied Sciences  
Glass fiber-reinforced plastic (GFRP) composites take place in engineering materials owing to their low-weight and high-mechanical properties. In some cases, they need to be shaped by machining before using in industrial applications. However, when these composites are machined, many problems such as bad surface quality, rapid tool wear are encountered. Therefore, optimization of cutting parameters is essential to eliminate or minimize these problems. In this study, GFRP composites were
more » ... by combining polyester matrix material with glass fibers (GF) having 6 mm, 6-12 mm, 12 mm fiber length, and 20%, 25%, 30% fiber ratio by weight. The tensile strengths of these composites were investigated. Turning tests were also performed with cutting speeds of 40, 80, and 120 m/min, feed rates of 0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 mm/rev, and depth of cut of 1, 2, and 3 mm, according to Taguchi L 27 standard orthogonal array method. The effect of fiber length and ratio, and cutting parameters on cutting forces and surface roughness were analyzed. As a result of the experiments, it was observed that the reinforced polymer matrix with GF provide to increase the tensile strength. The highest tensile strength was obtained as 55.95 MPa from the composite having a fiber length of 12 mm and a fiber ratio of 25%. Besides, the feed rate was determined as the most effective parameter among the all parameters on both cutting force and surface roughness. Therefore, the feed rate should be chosen low for lower cutting force and surface roughness values.
doi:10.1007/s42452-020-2684-5 fatcat:phayvecezbherotnet7l5izsdy