On a Training-Less Solution for Non-Intrusive Appliance Load Monitoring Using Graph Signal Processing

Bochao Zhao, Lina Stankovic, Vladimir Stankovic
2016 IEEE Access  
With ongoing large-scale smart energy metering deployments worldwide, disaggregation of a household's total energy consumption down to individual appliances using analytical tools, also known as non-intrusive appliance load monitoring (NALM), has generated increased research interest lately. NALM can deepen energy feedback, support appliance retrofit advice, and support home automation. However, despite the fact that NALM was proposed over 30 years ago, there are still many open challenges with
more » ... respect to its practicality and effectiveness at low sampling rates. Indeed, the majority of NALM approaches, supervised or unsupervised, require training to build appliance models, and are sensitive to appliance changes in the house, thus requiring regular re-training. In this paper, we tackle this challenge by proposing an NALM approach that does not require any training. The main idea is to build upon the emerging field of graph signal processing to perform adaptive thresholding, signal clustering, and pattern matching. We determine the performance limits of our approach and demonstrate its usefulness in practice. Using two open access datasets-the US REDD data set with active power measurements downsampled to 1 min resolution and the UK REFIT data set with 8-s resolution, we demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed method for typical smart meter sampling rate, with the state-of-the-art supervised and unsupervised NALM approaches as benchmarks. 1 INDEX TERMS Non-intrusive appliance load monitoring, load disaggregation, graph signal processing. 1 Part of this work was presented at IEEE GlobalSIP-2015 [1]. The REFIT dataset used to generate the results can be accessed via
doi:10.1109/access.2016.2557460 fatcat:vaj6tebls5fcdfvh4mpsaz6uc4