Coordinated subjects and verbal inflection

Feras Saeed
This paper examines the hierarchical order of subject DPs in conjunction phrases and provides a new analysis for first conjunct agreement in Standard Arabic. I argue that the EPP feature that attracts the ConjP to a preverbal position is triggered by Φ-completeness on the head T. Full agreement with a conjunction phrase in SV word order occurs when the head T probes for Φ-features, matching ConjP for number and DP1 for person and gender features. Probing ConjP and DP1 is argued to be sufficient
more » ... ed to be sufficient to value all the features on T; and since the Φ-complete T has an EPP feature, an XP must move to spec-TP. In this context, there are two agreed goals: ConjP and DP1. I argue that pied-piping DP1 alone to spec-TP is not permitted, appealing to the Coordinate Structure Constraint. Therefore, ConjP is pied-piped and merged in spec-TP to satisfy the EPP feature, acquiring SV word order. On the other hand, when the head T has a default number feature, its probe is specified only for person and gender features. In this case, it probes into the conjunction phrase looking for an appropriate goal, matching its person and gender features against DP1. It is to be noted that ConjP is also probed on the way to DP1; however, there is no matching of features here since ConjP has only number feature while the probe is looking for person and gender features. The Φ-incomplete T does not have an EPP feature; therefore, movement of the agreed goal is not triggered. Thus, the T probe establishes partial agreement with the first conjunct in-situ, creating an instance of FCA in VS word order.