Subconjunctival Doxifluridine Administration Suppresses Rat Choroidal Neovascularization through Activated Thymidine Phosphorylase

Yasuo Yanagi, Yasuhiro Tamaki, Yuji Inoue, Ryo Obata, Kimimasa Muranaka, Noriko Homma
2003 Investigative Ophthalmology and Visual Science  
PURPOSE. Doxifluridine (5Ј-deoxy 5-fluorouridine) is an oral anticancer drug with antiangiogenic effects, with vasoclastic action that is enhanced by a major member of the pyrimidine phosphorylases, thymidine phosphorylase (TP). Previous studies have demonstrated that TP is upregulated in the lesions where pathologic angiogenesis occurs and TP itself promotes angiogenesis. To investigate the possible role of TP and doxifluridine in choroidal neovascularization (CNV), the expression level of TP
more » ... ession level of TP was measured and the effect of doxifluridine was investigated in rat eyes with experimental CNV. METHODS. CNV was induced in rat eyes by diode laser photocoagulation. The expression level of TP in the laser-treated and control eyes was examined with high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). For the evaluation of CNV activity, the intensity of fluorescein leakage from the photocoagulated lesions was scored, and the areas of CNV lesions were measured histologically in the control eyes and eyes treated with a subconjunctival injection of doxifluridine 14 days after photocoagulation. RESULTS. The expression level of TP was higher in the lasertreated eyes than in the control eyes. Fluorescein leakage from the CNV lesions significantly decreased in the eyes given a subconjunctival injection of doxifluridine compared with the control. Histologic analysis demonstrated that both the areas of CNV lesions and the degree of vascular formation in the subretinal membrane were reduced in the doxifluridine-treated eyes compared with the control eyes. CONCLUSIONS. TP may be involved in the formation of CNV. Subconjunctival injection of doxifluridine significantly reduced experimental CNV activity without apparent adverse effects. These results suggest the possibility that doxifluridine can be beneficial in treating CNV. (Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2003; 44:751-754)
doi:10.1167/iovs.02-0222 pmid:12556409 fatcat:qujlp6gaine37gwrbea2riy2bu