A HISTORY OF SPANISH HISTORIOGRAPHY ON NATIONALISM
PATTERNS AND STORIES. CONTRIBUTIONS AND CHALLENGES OF THE BIOGRAPHY IN THE NEW POLITICAL HISTORY Stud. hist. H.ª cont
Stud. hist. H.ª cont., 35, 2017, pp. 43-79 This article addresses the historiographical research on nationalism in Spain by giving an historical overview of the academic debate during the last four decades. It is argued here that Spanish historiography was scarcely autonomous from the (state and peripheral) nationalist narratives until the end of 20th century. It was a cultural change (and partially a generational one) reflected in new theoretical influences (mostly from Cultural history and
... ural history and constructivist social theory) which accelerated a new historical overview on the issue in the 21th century more focused on Spanish nationalism. A former generation rooted on Marxist and Positivist methodologies and more interested in peripheral nationalism was then partially replaced by a new generation less seduced by nationalist narratives. The historical approach to these different stages also gives the possibility of objectifying the interaction between historical discourse and political debates on the nation. It also permits to highlight current research debates and new historical proposals. After a long period in which political history had lost its traditional hegemony in the field of historiography, the final years of the 20th century have witnessed the recovery of its prestige in the academic sphere. A recovery that has been linked to the return of the subject and the narrative to the foreground and that has led to its methodological renewal. The objective of this article is to study the role of biography in the 21st century Spanish contemporaneism, analyzing its growing ANALYTICAL SUMMARY 14 ANALYTICAL SUMMARY © Ediciones Universidad de Salamanca / CC BY-NC-ND Stud. hist. H.ª cont., 35, 2017, pp. 13-20 popularity from a quantitative and content point of view, in order to detect its main contributions to the Spanish contemporary historiography of the two last decades, as well as its main challenges for the future. For this, the editorial and scientific production of the period, including the biographical dictionaries, will be reviewed, and the advantages and disadvantages of the genre from the scientific point of view, its themes and main characters, its absences and outstanding issues, and the methodological debates about its exercise, will be analyzed, with special attention to the academic networks that have contributed to the reflection and consolidation of the biographical approach within the discipline. ANALYTICAL SUMMARY © Ediciones Universidad de Salamanca / CC BY-NC-ND Stud. hist. H.ª cont., 35, 2017, pp. 13-20 diminished; and that, as shown by his newfound spirit in the postwar study, the «social» approach, renewed and refined from previous burdens and problems, can still be very useful and even boost the critical study and representation of our recent past. ANALYTICAL SUMMARY © Ediciones Universidad de Salamanca / CC BY-NC-ND Stud. hist. H.ª cont., 35, 2017, pp. 13-20 The case of Soria is not an exception to these organizational types, with the characteristic of being a small city but rich in manifestations of this type, with several entities that use this model. The presence of the piano is constant, as well as several families of interpreters. At the same time, there is no shortage of chamber music and a repertoire of zarzuelístico and operatic type, together with a repertoire of the same interpreters totally unknown. This article reviews and examines the publications on the ideological debate between aliadophiles and germanophiles in Spain during the Great War (1914-1918) in order to settle the progress of research, its deficiencies and its future development means. There have been considered essentially those works that have dealt with the question on a general Spanish level and which have prioritized or paid much attention to the intellectual controversy sustained by the most eminent representatives of Spanish thought of the time, since this perspective has practically monopolized the investigation about the ideological impact of the Great War in Spain.