Indications for various options of foot deformities orthopedic correction in diabetic neuroosteoarthropathy
Diabetic osteoarthropathy is one of the most difficult complication of diabetes mellitus, requiring the cooperation of a many of specialitys, including traumatologists - orthopedists. However, there is no single approach to the choice of orthopedic treatment tactics for this group of patients. From 2015 to 2018 inclusive, there were 35 patients with diabetic osteoarthropathy that received conservative or surgical orthopedic treatment. 11 patients received conservative orthopedic treatment; 24
... dic treatment; 24 patients received surgical treatment. A total of 26 surgical interventions were performed. Two types of surgical interventions were performed: 1) resection of the protruding fragment of one or another bone of the tarsus - 12 operations 2) reconstructive surgery aimed at correcting gross deformation of the middle and / or hindfoot - 14 operations. Along with general clinical examination, all patients underwent orthopedic examination, determining the degree of blood supply disturbance. A differentiated approach to choosing the method of orthopedic treatment of the presented group of patients allowed to restore limb supportability, ensure stability in the ankle joint and joints of the middle foot, create conditions for healing and prevention of relapse of the ulcer. The experience gained allowed us to offer indications for a particular method of orthopedic treatment of foot deformities in diabetic osteoarthropathy, depending on the stage of the pathological process, its location, the severity of the deformation, and the clinical course of this pathology.