Terrain Analytics for Precision Agriculture with Automated Vehicle Sensors and Data Fusion

Wei Zhao, Tianxin Li, Bozhao Qi, Qifan Nie, Troy Runge
<span title="2021-03-08">2021</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/oglosmy3gbhuzobyjit4qalakq" style="color: black;">Sustainability</a> </i> &nbsp;
Precision agriculture aims to use minimal inputs to generate maximal yields by managing the plant and its environment at a discrete instead of a field level. This new farming methodology requires localized field data including topological terrain attributes, which influence irrigation, field moisture, nutrient runoff, soil compaction, and traction and stability for traversing agriculture machines. Existing research studies have used different sensors, such as distance sensors and cameras, to
more &raquo; ... lect topological information, which may be constrained by energy cost, performance, price, etc. This study proposed a low-cost method to perform farmland topological analytics using sensor implementation and data processing. Inertial measurement unit sensors, which are widely used in automated vehicle study, and a camera are set up on a robot vehicle. Then experiments are conducted under indoor simulated environments that include five common topographies that would be encountered on farms, combined with validation experiments in a real-world field. A data fusion approach was developed and implemented to track robot vehicle movements, monitor the surrounding environment, and finally recognize the topography type in real time. The resulting method was able to clearly recognize topography changes. This low-cost and easy-mount method will be able to augment and calibrate existing mapping algorithms with multidimensional information. Practically, it can also achieve immediate improvement for the operation and path planning of large agricultural machines.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052905">doi:10.3390/su13052905</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/4ajgyhrxgbhjvai2fmhzuthtgy">fatcat:4ajgyhrxgbhjvai2fmhzuthtgy</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210309214051/https://res.mdpi.com/d_attachment/sustainability/sustainability-13-02905/article_deploy/sustainability-13-02905-v2.pdf" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/16/06/16061a3f4988c9b8c51bdf5dabe4019775199b57.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.3390/su13052905"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="unlock alternate icon" style="background-color: #fb971f;"></i> mdpi.com </button> </a>