Adaptive Numerical Modeling of Tsunami Wave Generation and Propagation with FreeFem++

Georges Sadaka, Denys Dutykh
2020 Geosciences  
A simplified nonlinear dispersive Boussinesq system of the Benjamin–Bona–Mahony (BBM)-type, initially derived by Mitsotakis (2009), is employed here in order to model the generation and propagation of surface water waves over variable bottom. The simplification consists in prolongating the so-called Boussinesq approximation to bathymetry terms, as well. Using the finite element method and the FreeFem++ software, we solve this system numerically for three different complexities for the
more » ... s for the bathymetry function: a flat bottom case, a variable bottom in space, and a variable bottom both in space and in time. The last case is illustrated with the Java 2006 tsunami event. This article is designed to be a pedagogical paper presenting to tsunami wave community a new technology and a novel adaptivity technique, along with all source codes necessary to implement it.
doi:10.3390/geosciences10090351 fatcat:ppm7d5etmrbljenlbpysgshssq