Is an oxygen inhibition layer essential for the interfacial bonding between resin composite layers?
The Journal of Korean Academy of Conservative Dentistry
This study was aimed to investigate whether an oxygen inhibition layer (OIL) is essential for the interfacial bonding between resin composite layers or not. A composite (Z-250, 3M ESPE) was filled in two layers using two aluminum plate molds with a hole of 3.7 ㎜ diameter. The surface of first layer of cured composite was prepared by one of five methods as followings, thereafter second layer of composite was filled and cured: Group 1 -OIL is allowed to remain on the surface of cured composite;
... oup 2 -OIL was removed by rubbing with acetone-soaked cotton; Group 3 -formation of the OIL was inhibited using a Mylar strip; Group 4 -OIL was covered with glycerin and light-cured; Group 5 (control) -composite was bulk-filled in a layer. The interfacial shear bond strength between two layers was tested and the fracture modes were observed. To investigate the propagation of polymerization reaction from active area having a photo-initiator to inactive area without the initiator, a flowable composite (Aelite Flow) or an adhesive resin (Adhesive of ScotchBond Multipurpose) was placed over an experimental composite (Exp_Com) which does not include a photoinitiator and light-cured. After sectioning the specimen, the cured thickness of the Exp_Com was measured. The bond strength of group 2, 3 and 4 did not show statistically significant difference with group 1. Groups 3 and 4 were not statistically significant different with control group 5. The cured thicknesses of Exp_Com under the flowable resin and adhesive resin were 20.95 (0.90) um and 42.13 (2.09), respectively. [J Kor Acad Cons Dent 33(4):  2008]