A Miniaturized Extracorporeal Membrane Oxygenator with Integrated Rotary Blood Pump: Preclinical In Vivo Testing

Ruedger Kopp, Ralf Bensberg, Jutta Arens, Ulrich Steinseifer, Thomas Schmitz-Rode, Rolf Rossaint, Dietrich Henzler
2011 ASAIO journal (1992)  
Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation can achieve sufficient gas exchange in severe acute respiratory distress syndrome. A highly integrated extracorporeal membrane oxygenator (HEXMO) was developed to reduce filling volume and simplify management. Six female pigs were connected to venovenous HEXMO with a total priming volume of 125 ml for 4 hours during hypoxemia induced by a hypoxic inspired gas mixture. Animals were anticoagulated with intravenous heparin. Gas exchange, hemodynamics, hemolysis,
more » ... and coagulation activation were examined. One device failed at the magnetic motor coupling of the integrated diagonal pump. In the remaining five experiments, the oxygenation increased significantly (arterial oxygen saturation [SaO 2 ] from 79 ؎ 5% before HEXMO to 92% ؎ 11% after 4 hours) facilitated by a mean oxygen transfer of 66 ؎ 29 ml/dl through the oxygenator. The CO 2 elimination by the HEXMO reduced arterial PaCO 2 only marginal. Extracorporeal blood flow was maintained at 32% ؎ 6% of cardiac output. Hemodynamic instability or hemolysis was not observed. The plasmatic coagulation was only mildly activated without significant platelet consumption. The HEXMO prototype provided sufficient gas exchange to prevent hypoxemia. This proof of concept study supports further development and design modifications to increase performance and to reduce coagulation activation for potential long-term application.
doi:10.1097/mat.0b013e31820bffa9 pmid:21317635 fatcat:a2vc663qwbdttgvcwzqjflr2v4