A comparison of evaluation methods for police patrol district designs

Yue Zhang, Samuel H. Huddleston, Donald E. Brown, Gerard P. Learmonth
2013 2013 Winter Simulations Conference (WSC)  
Police patrol district design presents a multi-objective optimization problem with two goals: minimizing workload variation between patrol districts and minimizing the response time for officers responding to calls for service. We evaluate three different methods for scoring district designs: a closed form probability based approach, a discrete-event simulation based on hypercube models for spatial queuing systems, and an agent-based simulation model. We find that all methods provide similar
more » ... luations when service demand is low enough that cross-boundary support is infrequent. However, when the demand for service routinely exceeds the supply available within districts, only the agent-based simulation model accurately represents the resulting complexities and significantly changes the evaluation scores to reflect the behavior of the system.
doi:10.1109/wsc.2013.6721626 dblp:conf/wsc/ZhangHBL13 fatcat:m26u4cy22nagjbuksdvxnnopxa