Mechanistic Understanding of the Role of Evaporation in Electrode Processing

Malcolm Stein, Aashutosh Mistry, Partha P. Mukherjee
2017 Journal of the Electrochemical Society  
Electrode processing based on the state-of-the-art materials represents a scientific opportunity toward a cost-effective measure for improving the lithium-ion battery performance. In this regard, perhaps the most important is the drying step in a typical non-aqueous based slurry processing which can profoundly impact the electrode microstructure and hence performance. Solvent evaporation during drying plays a critical role in the redistribution of the particulate phases consisting of active
more » ... icle, conductive additive and binder. In this work, we attempt to provide a mechanistic understanding of the role of solvent evaporation on the electrode characteristics and performance via a combined experimental and theoretical analysis. This study elucidates that a non-uniform distribution of the constituent phases, especially the relatively mobile conductive additive and binder, can develop which depends on the solvent evaporation, particle diffusion and sedimentation attributes. Experimental results and theoretical analysis reveal the impact of evaporation rate on the conductive additive and binder distribution in the electrode microstructure and resulting electrochemical performance. Our analysis has shown that a slower two-stage drying, as opposed to a high-rate single-stage drying, allows for a favorable distribution of binder and conductive additive, thus reducing internal cell resistance and improving electrochemical performance.
doi:10.1149/2.1271707jes fatcat:oqhityj6arggdgbznabsrvkpna