Long-range chromatin interactions on the inactive X and at Hox clusters are regulated by the non-canonical SMC protein Smchd1 [article]

Natasha Jansz, Andrew Keniry, Marie Trussart, Heidi Bildsoe, Tamara Beck, Ian D Tonks, Anne W Mould, Peter Hickey, Kelsey Breslin, Megan Iminitoff, Matthew Ritchie, Edwina McGlinn (+3 others)
2018 bioRxiv   pre-print
The regulation of higher order chromatin structure is complex and dynamic; however we do not yet understand the full suite of mechanisms governing architecture. Here we reveal the non-canonical SMC protein Smchd1 as a novel regulator of long-range chromatin interactions, and add it to the canon of epigenetic proteins required for Hox gene regulation. The effect of losing Smchd1-dependent chromatin interactions has varying outcomes dependent on chromatin context. At autosomal targets
more » ... nally sensitive to Smchd1 deletion, we find increased short-range interactions and ectopic enhancer activation. By contrast, the inactive X chromosome is transcriptionally refractive to Smchd1 ablation, despite chromosome-wide increases in short-range interactions. There we observe spreading of H3K27me3 domains into regions not normally decorated by this mark. Together these data suggest Smchd1 has the capacity to insulate the chromatin, thereby limiting access to other chromatin modifying proteins.
doi:10.1101/342212 fatcat:vrckayid55cbne7k3vj3uajtzm