Lower bounds on the communication complexity of two-party (quantum) processes [article]

Alberto Montina, Stefan Wolf
2014 arXiv   pre-print
The process of state preparation, its transmission and subsequent measurement can be classically simulated through the communication of some amount of classical information. Recently, we proved that the minimal communication cost is the minimum of a convex functional over a space of suitable probability distributions. It is now proved that this optimization problem is the dual of a geometric programming maximization problem, which displays some appealing properties. First, the number of
more » ... s grows linearly with the input size. Second, the objective function is linear in the input parameters and the variables. Finally, the constraints do not depend on the input parameters. These properties imply that, once a feasible point is found, the computation of a lower bound on the communication cost in any two-party process is linearly complex. The studied scenario goes beyond quantum processes and includes the communication complexity scenario introduced by Yao. We illustrate the method by analytically deriving some non-trivial lower bounds. Finally, we conjecture the lower bound n 2^n for a noiseless quantum channel with capacity n qubits. This bound can have an interesting consequence in the context of the recent quantum-foundational debate on the reality of the quantum state.
arXiv:1401.4126v1 fatcat:ib6c6d4igjeyhf5brwsqg2koru