Rifampin resistance-associated mutations in the RIF resistance-determining region (RRDR) of the rpoB gene of Mycobacterium tuberculosis clinical isolates in Shanghai, China [post]

2019 unpublished
Resistance to rifampin (RIF) in Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection is associated with mutations in the rpoB gene coding for the beta-subunit of RNA polymerase. The contribution of many individual rpoB mutations to the development and level of RIF resistance remains elusive. Our objective for this study was to investigate the relationship between specific rpoB mutations and the minimum inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of RIF and rifabutin (RFB) against M.tuberculosis. Methods: We collected 195
more » ... s: We collected 195 clinical isolates of M. tuberculosis including 105 RIF-resistant and 90 RIF-susceptible isolates from Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital in China. The MICs of antituberculosis drugs in 7H10 Middlebrook medium for clinical isolates of M. tuberculosis were determined. Strains were screened for rpoB mutations by DNA extraction, rpoB gene amplification, and DNA sequencing analysis. Results: Twenty different types of mutations were identified in the rpoB gene. One hundred isolates (95.24%) were found to have mutations in the RIF resistance-determining region (RRDR) of the rpoB gene. Three rpoB mutations were identified in 90 RIF-susceptible isolates. Out of 105 isolates, 86
doi:10.21203/rs.2.11840/v1 fatcat:5l3lkwctzjd4bjk2q3bgpt7udq