Multicentric survey of patient doses in fluoroscopy guided diagnostic and interventional cardiac procedures: comparison with Diagnostic Reference Levels and follow-up levels for patients at risk for radiation induced skin effects
Introduction. Interventional cardiac procedures are often associated with high patient exposure and therefore require special care in protecting patients from radiation-induced effects. Materials and methods. A retrospective study of typical patients'doses was performed in nine hospitals, with a total number of fourteen angiography systems. The typical values for kerma-area product (KAP), cumulative dose (CD) and fluoroscopy time (FT) for two of the most commonly performed procedures -
... ocedures - percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) and coronary arteriography (CA), were calculated and compared with the Bulgarian National Diagnostic Reference Levels (NDRL). Data analysis, regarding the risk of radiation-induced skin effects due to interventional cardiac procedures, was performed. Aim. 1) to present and analyze the typical KAP values for PCI and CA procedures in cardiology departments with high workload and to compare them with the NDRL; 2) to compare the patient doses with the follow-up levels published in Ordinance 2, to identify patients at risk for radiation-induced effects. Results. The results show that typical values for PCI and CA procedures for some of the angiography systems are higher than the NDRL. In all investigated departments there are patients with at least one exceeded follow-up level for PCI. Conclusions. The results show a potential for optimization in the departments with both high or very low typical dose or FT values. No radiation-induced effect was observed in the followed-up group of patients. The introduction of procedure with "Instruction to the patient after an interventional cardiac procedure(s) with greater complexity and a long fluoroscopy time" for patient follow-up and its regular implementation into the routine clinical practice will help for timely diagnosis and treatment of radiation-induced skin effects after cardiac procedures under fluoroscopy control.