The Association Between Mechanical Power and Mortality in Ventilated Patients with Pneumonia
Background: Recent studies reported that mechanical power (MP) has been associated with increased mortality in patients with acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). We aimed to investigate the association between 28-day mortality and MP in patients with severe pneumonia. Methods: In total, 313 patients with severe pneumonia were enrolled. Serial MP was recorded daily for either 21 days or until ventilator support was no longer required. The associations between all variables and 28-day
... les and 28-day mortality were analyzed using binary logistic regression analyses. Results: The ARDS group (106 patients) demonstrated lower age, higher Acute Physiology and Chronic Health Evaluation II score, lower history of diabetes mellitus, high incidences of shock and jaundice, higher MP and driving pressure on Day 1, and higher death within 28 days than the non-ARDS group. Regression analysis revealed that MP was an independent factor associated with 28-day mortality (odds ratio, 1.041; 95% confidence interval, 1.013-1.071). MP persisted high in non-survivors and low in survivors among the ARDS group, the non-ARDS group and all patients.Conclusions: MP was associated with the 28-day mortality in ventilated patients with severe pneumonia both in the ARDS and non-ARDS groups. MP had better predicted value for 28-day mortality than driving pressure.