ALİ ŞİR NEVAYÎ'DE CENNET-CEHENNEM METAFORU
Ali Shir Nevayi, who was born in Herat in 1441 and died in 1501 in the same city, is one of the greatest poets of Turkish literature. He is an example person in the shaping of the Chagatai Turkish and our classical literature. The number of his works is over thirty. He is also the first tazkira writer in our literature and the owner of the first khamsa. In a period and in a geography that the Persian was a literary language and, its consciousness is presented as a Turkish language advocate. His
... guage advocate. His work, Muhakemetü'l-Lugateyn, which compares Turkish with Persian by the linguistic evidents, maintains its importance even today in term of philology. Ali Shir Nevayi is also the person who named the diwans written in the various periods of his life according to human life and added a life novel feature to his diwans. In this study, two works of Ali Shir Nevayi, Fevayidu'l-Kiber and Bedayi'ul-Vasat were well-scrutinized and metaphors of heaven and hell have been determined. As it is known, metaphor is the function of abstracting concepts from analogy, from level of thought to language level. Ontological metaphors of heaven and hell have a mystical meaning in the poems of Ali Shir Nevayi. He looks at these concepts as a sufi. For him, heaven is love, in other words, the feeling of reunification with God. There is no heaven, if there's no love in it. Hell is not a place to fear, according to him. The farewell, or being far from God, is worse and more burning than the dolor of hell. He is willing to stay for a thousand years in hell rather than a moment of being seperated. Ali Shir Nevâyi uses the metaphors of heaven and hell in the same verse as a comparison element. He strengthens the meaning while he benefits from the contrasts. In this study, metaphors which we think that are original, are being discussed. Ali Shir Nevâyi 's works should be considered in terms of metaphors in more comprehensive studies.