Disappearance of the PHA-E Lectin Binding Site on the Surface of Ejaculated Sperm and Sperm Capacitation in the Dog
Journal of Veterinary Medical Science
Ejaculated semen and cross sections of the cauda epididymides collected from 3 normal dogs were smeared or stamped on glass slides, and the sperm on the slides were stained with 7 different FITC-lectins (Con A, DBA, GS-1, PHA-E, PSA, UEA-1, WGA) to examine the relation between sperm-binding glycoprotein derived from the canine prostate and sperm capacitation. The only lectin that stained the ejaculated sperm but not the cauda epididymal sperm was PHA-E. The sperm ejaculated by 5 other dogs were
... y 5 other dogs were incub ated for 4 hr in fluid flushed from the uterine horns or oviducts of estrous bitches, and then the percentages of actively motile sperm and hyperactivated sperm (HA-sperm) were determined. The percentages of PHA-E-labeled sperm and sperm labeled with fluoresceinated Ca indicator to assess the influx of Ca into the sperm were also evaluated. The mean percentages of actively motile sperm, HA-sperm, and Ca-labeled sperm after 4 hr of incubation in the uterine flush fluid and oviductal flush fluid were significantly higher tha n in control medium (P<0.05, 0.01), but the mean percentages of PHA-E-labeled sperm were lower (both P<0.01). The percentages of PHA-E-unlabeled sperm correlated with the percentages of both HA-sperm and Ca-labeled sperm (r 2 =0.787 and 0.812, respectively). The results indicate that loss of the glycoprotein secreted by the canine prostate on the sperm surface induces the influx of Ca into the sperm, and then hyperactivation of the sperm.